İskâni Devlet series
İskani Devlet II, Lurucina follows the story of the "Refugee-village" developed in the earlier episode, contrasting the making of the "Refugee-village" amid the war with the unmaking of the ancestral Turkish Cypriot village of Lurucina following the end of the war in 1974. Lurucina was a Turkish Cypriot town inhabited by some 3,000 people before the war in 1974 left it as a "border town" far from the rest of the Turkish Cypriot territory and sealed off from surrounding Greek Cypriot villages. This led to the eventual decline in the village's population where only about 300 now live. The documentary employs an expository style based on narration by the village's present municipality leader, Hasan Barbaros, as well as archival materials to support or contrast with the narrative.
This short documentary, titled “İskani Devlet”, approximately meaning “The Abode State”, is based on interviews conducted with the former Turkish Cypriot Prime Minister Hakkı Atun (PM between 1994-1996). Mr. Atun was educated as an architect and urban planner in Turkey and Britain before the outbreak of ethnic conflict in Cyprus in 1963. After 1963, he began working for the wartime Turkish Cypriot enclave government where he designed and led the construction of a refugee-housing project to settle about 5,000 of the 25,000 Turkish Cypriot internally displaced persons after 1963. Although the circumstances were dire and construction material lacking, the project created a then up-to-standard settlement called Göçmenköy, literally meaning the “Refugee-village”, which is still part of the northern Nicosia. The houses were built through a social form of organization locally called “imece”, that involved “voluntary cooperative work”, e.g. each refugee would help in the building of their own and each other’s houses to the best of their abilities and resources.